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Thyroid Gland Common Disorders and their symptoms

The Thyroid gland is a part of the endocrine system. The endocrine system is responsible for the production of hormones which act as a chemical messenger for the many organs in the body. The multiple hormones produced by the human body are responsible for the body processes to keep us healthy. Consult a Thyroid specialist if you are having metabolism, cardiovascular or developmental disorders.thyr specialist doctor

The Thyroid gland is a part of the endocrine system. The endocrine system is responsible for the production of hormones which act as a chemical messenger for the many organs in the body. The multiple hormones produced by the human body are responsible for the body processes to keep us healthy. Consult a Thyroid specialist if you are having metabolism, cardiovascular or developmental disorders.

The thyroid gland is present in the neck and is responsible for producing the Triiodothyronine, Thyroxine(Tetraiodothyronine) and Calcitonin. The hormones are called T3 and T4 for easy reference respectively.

Listed below are the common disorders caused due to the malfunction of the Thyroid Gland:

Hyperthyroidism – The thyroid gland produces the T3 and T4 Hormones in excess which causes the body metabolism to increase. The body shows various symptoms when a person has Hyperthyroidism, such as:

• Fatigue
• Increased heart rate
• Increased bowel movements
• Unintentional Weight Loss,
• Nervousness, tremors
• Increased Sweating
• Concentration issues
• Abnormal weight loss
Hyperthyroidism leads to diseases such as:

• Goiter (Toxic Multinodular Goiter)
• Graves ’disease
• Excessive iodine consumption in the form of salt
• Thyroid Nodules

A Thyroid doctor in Jaipur can explain these symptoms in detail and help treat them. The doctor will prescribe beta blockers which suppress the thyroid functions temporarily.

Hypothyroidism – The insufficient production of the T3 and T4 hormones in the thyroid gland can lead to Hypothyroidism. The problems can affect the thyroid gland, the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus and can lead to the following symptoms:

• Fatigue
• Constipation
• Fluid Retention
• Dry Skin, Muscle and Joint Aches
• Depression
• Excessive or prolonged Menstrual Bleeding in women
• Poor Concentration or disorientation
• Cold Intolerance
• Abnormal weight loss
• Iodine deficiency

The Hypothyroidism leads to diseases that can cause inflammation of the thyroid gland;

• Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
• Thyroid hormone resistance
• Myxedema

Hypothyroidism can be treated by giving the patient replacement drugs for the T3 and T4 hormones. Iodine deficiency can be treated with dietary supplements as prescribed by a thyroid specialist doctor.

Nodules And Thyroid Cancer – Lumps that are formed in the neck within the thyroid gland are called thyroid nodules. These cysts or tumors of varying sizes may or may not be cancerous. The Tumors which are malignant can be cancerous and are categorized as Thyroid Cancer. They can become abnormally large and cause compression of the nearby organs. The survival rate in thyroid cancer is good in cases with early detection.

Goiter – Goiter is the enlargement of the thyroid gland not specific to hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism or the normal functioning of the thyroid gland. A thyroid specialist in Jaipur can treat goiter if early steps are taken to cure the disease.

Thyroid is diagnosed through physical exams, blood tests for thyroid levels and specialized tests are carried out to diagnose thyroid disorders. A thyroid specialist doctor can easily diagnose these symptoms and prescribe treatment to cure Thyroid diseases.

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