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STD’s- Symptoms, Diagnostic Methods and Treatment

STD’s stands for Sexually Transmitted Diseases, also called as STI’s Sexually Transmitted Infections. Infections passed from one person to another during sexual intercourse results in STD’s. It also occurs when bacteria spreads from mother to child during pregnancy, it can spread through breastfeeding also & also by using the same infected needle.

The main cause of this disease is spreading of viruses & bacteria. More than 25 types of STD’s have been identified by the doctors, each having different symptoms and treatment.

Let’s discuss the most common types of STD’s.

* Bacteria related STD’s
• Chlamydia
• Gonorrhea
• Syphilis
• Chancroid

* Virus related STD’s
• Hepatitis B&D
• Genital Herps
• Genital Warts

Following are some symptoms of STD’s, if a person faces these symptoms then he/she must immediately take an appointment and visit the doctor.

• Rashes, Fever, Headache & Cough
• Sore throat, Swollen lymph nodes
• Weight loss
• Diarrhea
• Painful urination
• Strong vaginal odour
• Itching in genitals

If the laboratory test reports prove that you have inherited this disease then you need to consult the doctor immediately and based on the symptoms the treatment should be started immediately.  If a person is pregnant then prompt treatment reduces the risk of spreading the infection in a child.
There is no as such cure for STD’s but on the basis of symptoms, one can reduce the pain.

• Antibiotics – These medicines can cure the disease in one go but there are high possibilities that the infection might reoccur. Also, precautions like No Sex until you are completely recovered should be followed.

• Antiviral drugs – These medicines reduce the virus from spreading, it lowers the risk but it doesn’t assure that it won’t spread.

• People must avoid direct contact with body fluids such as blood or other products.

• Never share the same injection needles or Tatto needle.

• It is suggested to be committed to just one person at a time i.e. Sexual relationships with only one person at a time

A person must know the precautions to avoid inheritance of such infections & if he/she got infected than immediate treatment should be taken.

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