Menopause is a natural change in the body and is also considered as end of woman’s fertility. It is a normal part of life and does not considered as a disease. The average age of menopause is 51 years (U.S.). Sometimes the symptoms of menopause may occur year before a women’s final period or may be seen after a month or year.
Signs and Symptoms of Menopause
Irregular period, it is the first and foremost symptoms of menopause. Some women experience a period every 2 to 3 weeks and may be others will not experience the same for months at a time.
Hot flashes, is generally occur during the first year after the final period of women. It is a sudden sensation of heat in the upper body; it starts from face, neck, or chest. A woman may start too sweet; their skin may become red and patchy.
Urinary problems can disrupt a woman’s urinary cycle. During menopause, women are more susceptible to urinary tract infection (UTIs).
Emotional changes, during menopause women can suffer from depressions or different mood swings. Sometime emotional symptoms lead to sleep disturbance and often trigger hormonal changes in body. Women having the problem of menopause can face the problem of night sweats which could lead to discomfort during night and also create sleep disturbance.
Can affect concentration level, during menopause women experience short- term memory problems and also it is difficult for them to concentrate.
Vaginal dryness, during per-menopause women tends to occur dryness, itching, and discomfort. This generally happens because of low estrogen levels. These lower levels cause vaginal atrophy which is an inflammation of the vagina that happens as a result of the thinning and shrinking of the tissues.
Complications of Menopause
Menopause can lead to many complications, including:
Osteoporosis: During the first few years after menopause, a woman may lose bone density and leads to a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
Cardiovascular diseases: A drop in estrogen levels has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Breast Cancer: During menopause, women can face a higher risk of breast cancer.
Urinary incontinence: Menopause causes the tissues of the vagina and urethra to lose their elasticity. This can result in frequent, sudden, and overwhelming urges to urinate. These urges can be followed by involuntary loss of urine. Women may involuntarily urinate after coughing, sneezing, laughing, or lifting during menopause.
Treatment for Menopause
The treatment can range from hormone replacement to self-management. Most of the women do not seek medical advice during this time. However, a woman should visit a doctor if symptoms are affecting her quality of life. The type of therapy dependant on their menopause symptoms, and medical history.